What is html file


Html Tutorial

HTML is the standard markup language for Designing web pages. With HTML you can create your own website. Html is easy to learn.


What is HTML

HTML is standard markup language , creating documents that displayed on the web browser. This can be assisted by techniques such as Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and scripting languages such as JavaScript.

Therefore, HTML is a markup language that is used to create attractive web pages with the help of style, and which looks in a good format on a web browser. A HTML file is made up of multiple HTML tags and every HTML tag has different content.

HTML is an abbreviation for hyper text markup language that is used to create web pages and web applications. The word Html is made up of two words HyperText and Markup Language. Let us see what the hypertext markup language and web page mean.

  • Hyper Text : Hypertext simply means "text within text." There is a link within a text, a hypertext. When ever you click on a link that send you to a new webpage, you have clicked on hypertext.
    Hypertext is a way of interconnecting two or more web pages (HTML documents). Refers to the way in which web pages are linked together. Thus, the link available on the webpage is called hypertext.
  • Markup language : Markup language  is used to insert layout and formatting conventions in the text document or file. Markup language makes text more interactive and dynamic. It can convert text into images, tables, links etc.
    HTML is a markup language, which means that we only use HTML to "mark-up" a text document or file with a tag that tells web browser that it To demonstrate how to structure it.

Important Points Of Html

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages
  • HTML describes the structure of a web page
  • HTML consists of a series of elements
  • HTML elements tell the web browser how to display content

What is HTML File

  • An HTML file is a normal text file that contains small markup tags.
  • Markup tags tell web browsers how to display the page
  • An HTML file must have an htm or html file extension.
  • An HTML file can be created using a normal text editor
  • HTML and HTML files can also refer to other files such as video, CSS, or JS files.
  • An HTML file is a text file containing HTML tags, cascading stylesheets, and scripting languages such as JavaScript.

An HTML file contains a hypertext markup language, that are used to format the structure of a web page. The Html file is stored in a standard text format that extension are .html or .htm and contains various tags that defines the web page layout and the content of the web-page, within the text, images, tables, and hyperlinks shows on the web page. HTML files are widely used online web and displayed in web browsers.


How to Run HTML

We can preview an HTML webpage by opening it from a web browser such as Google Chrome (multiplatform), Microsoft Edge (multiplatform), Mozilla Firefox (multiplatform), or Apple Safari (Mac and iOS).


What is Web Page

A web page is a document that written in web languages (such as HTML) and translated by a web browser. A web page can be identified through entering a URL. A web page can be of a static or dynamic type. With the help of HTML, we can create static web pages.


What is Web Browsers

The concept of web browsers is to read HTML web documents and display them correctly. A web browser doesn't display HTML tags, but uses them to determine how the web document is displayed.


Why to Learn HTML

HTML is necessary for students and working professionals to become a great s/w engineer, specially when they are working on the web development domain.

I will list some of the key benefits of learning HTML:

  • Create Web site - If we know HTML well then we can create a website.
  • Become a web designer - If you want to start a career as a professional web designer, then designing HTML and CSS is an essential skill.
  • Understand web - If want to optimize our website, to increase its speed and performance, it is good to know HTML to get the better results.
  • Learn other languages - Once we understand the HTML it becomes easy to understand another web technologies such as ASP, PHP, JavaScript and Angular etc..

Uses of Html / Applications of HTML

  • Web pages development : HTML is used to build rendered pages on the web. Almost every page on the web has HTML tags to present its description in the browser.
  • Internet Navigation - they are highly used in Internet navigation.
  • Responsive UI - HTML pages nowadays work well on all platforms, mobiles, tabs, desktops or laptops due to the reactive design strategy.
  • Game development- HTML5 is now also useful in the gaming development field.
  • Offline support - Once HTML web pages are loaded, they can be  available offline on the web browser without the needs internet.

Features of HTML

  1. It is a very simple and simple language. It can be easily understood and modified.
  2. Creating an effective presentation with HTML is very easy as it has lots of formatting tags.
  3. html is a markup language, so it gives a flexible way of designing text as well as web pages.
  4. This allows programmers to add a link to web pages (by HTML anchor tag), so it increases the user's browsing interest.
  5. It is platform independent as html can be displayed on any platform like Windows, Linux, Macintosh or DOS etc.
  6. It allows programmers to add graphics, video and sound to web pages which makes it more engaging and interactive.
  7. HTML is the Case-sensitive Markup language, it means we can use tags in upper-case or lower-case.

History of HTML

In the late 1980s,Tim Berners-Lee, proposed a system for CERN researchers. In year 1989, Berners lee write a memo proposing  Internet-based hypertext system.

Tim Berners-Lee is called the father of HTML. The 1st available description of HTML was a document that called "HTML Tags" proposed by Tim in late 1991. HTML5 is the newest version of HTML.


Write a HTML code to decorate webpage using graphical elements